The American Film Academy has invited in its membership more than 300 filmmakers – including Andrei Zvyagintsev for “Leviathan”, Eddie Redmayne for Stephen Hawking and Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter.
Members of the American Academy may be just 322 film-maker from around the world – received invitations actors, directors and representatives of other kinoprofessy who have made significant contributions to the industry in the past year. To become academicians, all the guests have to give their consent and choose a section in which are going to work.
«Oscar” and his Academy
The American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences dates back to 1927; at the first banquet in honor of the founding of the present only a few dozen people, and he became the first president of actor Douglas Fairbanks. Two years later the Academy and start handing her the prize, has evolved into a major World Film Award – “Oscar.”
Now the American Academy about 6 thousand. Members who are divided into several sections: the directors choose the winners of the “Oscar” among the directors, the actors – in the four acting categories. Well, vote for the best film everyone.
The selection of new members of the Academy are produced annually, but in 2015 began to call for the most massive. In 2013 and 2014, received 271 invitations and 276 people respectively, while in the previous decade the average Academy became more at 133 people.
Russia and the “Oscar»
Despite the openness of the American Academy for foreigners, our compatriots among its members a bit: director Andrei Konchalovsky, who worked for many years in the United States, Marina Goldovskaya documentarian and producer and screenwriter Rustam Ibrahimbeyov.
But the “Leviathan” by Andrei Zvyagintsev really became an event of world cinema – and it was noted that a variety of prestigious awards and nominations.
The film is about domestic scenario actually won a prize at the Cannes Film Festival, became the first Russian winner of the “Golden Globe” and entered the short list of “Oscar”. Zvyagintsev, by the way, have to choose a section – and he was invited as a director and as a writer. And it made him not only for the “Leviathan”, but also for the previous picture – “Helen” (the prize of the “Un Certain Regard” at the Cannes Film Festival). The director did not comment on the invitation to the academy.
Foreign colleagues Zvyagintsev
Foreign directors general in this year’s Academy has invited a lot. Academics can become Zaza Urushadze (Georgia), claimed to “Oscar” for the film “Tangerine” and Polish Pavel Pawlikowski, who won the “Oscar” for the drama “Ida.”
However, there were the first conscientious objectors: film director from Finland Pirjo Honkasalo rejected a proposal by the American Film Academy, he told local media that would like to join the organization, which could influence decisions. She criticized the nomination “Best foreign language film” and expressed confidence that an important role in the presentation of “Oscars” lobbyists play and friendship.
Oscar Academy is regularly criticized for its composition: too many men (75%), white (almost 95%) and older (average age – 63 years). President Cheryl Boone Isaacs Academy, presenting the candidates this year, expressed the hope that they will help to improve the local demographics. In addition, she pointed out that among the invited many heads of production companies and directors who have the power to combat discrimination in the film industry.
For example, among the guests was an African-American actor David Oyelouo, which was nominated for the role of Martin Luther King in the film Ava Duvernet “Selma” to “Golden Globe”, a few black actors and a representative of the Native Americans Sonny Skyhawk, has actors from Asia – Song Kang-Ho and Choi Min-Sik.
Among those invited to the academy actresses – Felicity Jones, Rosamund Pike, Emma Stone, and young people are responsible for the winner of “Oscar-2015″ Eddie Redmayne and Benedict Cumberbatch nominee.
He received the invitation and Daniel Radcliffe, best known for the role of Harry Potter in the film adaptations of novels by JK Rowling; this nomination is surprising that the most serious film awards that an actor could receive or received, was MTV Movie Awards. However, in a statement the Academy stated that Radcliffe invited for the second part of the film “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows” and for his role as poet Allen Ginsberg in the biographical drama “Kill Your Darlings”.