Saturday, April 16, 2016

The film “The son of Saul,” winner of the Grand Prix in Cannes and “Oscar” comes out in cinemas in Russia – BBC

«So where is God!” – Shouted someone. “As where? Here it is! Writhing on this gallows. ” This dialogue is accompanied by an episode of the execution of the Jewish teenager. This text is from the movie. This text is Elie Wiesel’s novel “Night”, the Nobel laureate, who was able to describe what is impossible to describe, – the experience of Auschwitz. So far (in my opinion) yet no one feature film director could not remove the ineffable, to remove the Holocaust.

Until now. Before Laszlo Nemes. 38-year-old debutant Laszlo Nemes succeeded. He came to tell the story of Saul, a prisoner of Auschwitz Sonderkommando member, artist executions (the Germans did the dirty work). Members of the Sonderkommando people wound up in the gas chambers, explaining that it is a simple shower, stairwell, waiting until the terrible screams subside, and then burned “things” ( “things” called the people in the concentration camp corpses). Three months later, these temporary executioners were also eliminated.

The hero is very reminiscent of the brilliant story of Eleazar Leonid Andreyev. Andreev describes the resurrected Lazarus of the Gospel, but by a strange mystical conjecture, draws a man who returned to life, but did not return the soul. So he lived with the absent soul, and his eyes drove straight to hell anyone who dared to look him in the face.

The authors of the film “The son of Saul,” the first time to understand how to shoot Holocaust. They came to this through the greatest self-discipline.

They have forbidden myself to shoot beautiful. They abandoned the widescreen format. They have a depth of field that is literally a millimeter from the face of the protagonist – and everything is in Rasfokus. In the picture, almost always -. Crossed the Red Cross (sign Sonderkommando) back of the protagonist, dispassionately wandering through hell

Because if there is something that is contrary to and artistry, and authenticity – so it’s beautiful <. /> p>

Code of the film can be formulated as follows: not to shoot beautiful; not shoot aesthetically pleasing; abandon all cinematic. That would each artist gave this oath: I solemnly swear to avoid the temptation of prettiness

Savoring suffering and cruelty – this is the main sin of directors filmed the Holocaust.. But they filmed the suffering and violence (!) – In focus. In the literal and figurative sense. A Nemes brought the horrors of the concentration camps – in principle – in Rasfokus. Muffle their clarity. This allowed to tell the story of crossing the border of human sensitivity. The only way to go on the road through hell.

The authors prepared this film as prepared feat. In 2005, Laszlo Nemes was still working as an assistant director (but not at someone, but his Bela Tarr) and in the book came across the book “Voices from under the ashes”, memories of the surviving members of the Sonderkommando. Then – it was a matter of time …

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The French were against this film. And the Germans were against the film. The French do not want to give money for the film. The Germans did not want to watch it. For a movie that was to become the French, it was a Hungarian. The film was rejected by the Berlinale. We had to win the “Oscar” and Cannes.

What is the story? To learn how a member of the Sonderkommando at Auschwitz decides to steal one body to bury. That’s it.

The idea could not come up with the person who is not plunged into a catastrophe entirely.

Imagine you hell … That is worse than hell … hell presupposes the existence of heaven. Hell – a place much more humane than Auschwitz. Even in the hell is an idea of ​​justice, even if the idea of ​​paradise is. In Auschwitz, no thought impossible. From the sounds – only screaming. From the image – only the ash and fire. And now, when everything is pointless when all burn, and tomorrow they will kill you – it is you already know, in this situation you suddenly decide … to bury a boy … … one of all … son … yes , you also had one woman on the side, not his wife, that she, this woman, and bore a son to you … you have not seen it, but that he …

the boy was the only one survived the gas chamber, he was still breathing, caused a German doctor, the doctor took a stethoscope, as do the doctors, checked whether the heart is beating, just as it is done by conventional doctors, convinced that breathes … and gently held his nose and mouth baby hands, waited and checked that this time it’s all over.

the role of Saul takes Geza Rёrig, a poet who lives in Brooklyn and had long been living in Hungary. In his Hungarian past, he even managed to get anti-Soviet, it turn out from school for anti-Communist activities. The special character of Saul there. Rather, he has two roles phase. Saul-1. Saul-2. Saul-1 – the robot, which destroyed all human. In the concentration camps, the destruction of the human happening rapidly. The famous psychiatrist Viktor Frankl, a prisoner of Theresienstadt, who left a unique testimony of the life in the camp, described the case as indifferently watched the corpse of his friend dragged past him on the ground, and the only hint of emotion, a shadow glimpsed in his mind, was not sympathetic, not, of course. It was a slight surprise. Surprised by the lack of any emotion.

Saul sees finish off the boy. And here comes the second part. Saul-2. What feeling can wake up in the resurrected Lazarus from the story by Leonid Andreyev? No. Feeling can not wake up. But the goal can appear …

Hero pack of the boy’s body, and the entire film will attempt to bury him as it should be, that is, to find a rabbi read the Kaddish …

against this background, the camp life is, so to speak, as usual. Some were killed. Others are killed. Still others run by the murder. . Routine

The prisoners are trying to implement some meaningful action: to blow up the camp, to get to this explosive, to save their lives, take a photo of the massacres in the camp and send documents to the will of the world to finally know the truth. All these actions make sense fail one after the other: the explosives disappears when the hero and is prepared to be shot in front of this strip, the camera disappears, when there is a regular round-up, two guys then hide even a needle. Only the body of the boy all the time and unable to hide perepryatyvat. Because in this world inside-out fortune favors only the most insane plans. Madness is now more to the court. Haywire should be lucky …

Production Designer László Rajk was important not to build a replica of Auschwitz, it was important to create an image of the camp for the production of death. Its scenery is more impressionistic than realistic, but in conditions of “low visibility” of the film it was the right thing.

By the way, one more crazy detail that the filmmakers have been submitted. They abandon it. The events of the film take place in Auschwitz in 1944. It is known that in 1944 Auschwitz was built a lot of new barracks,

in 1944 in Auschwitz all smelled of fresh wood and paint and gleaming brand new, brand-new, barbed wire.

Imagine that the prisoners of hell lived in neat huts that smelled of paint, wire glittered in the sun. It has been polished to a shine murder machine that produces a “good impression”, the neat and pretty … And not as we are used to: fetid and terrible and the sky is gray throughout the war. But the authors of the film does not provide a literal – a mystical supernatural Auschwitz

Much to the surprise of the director, his reason is asked, as if the boy was the son of Saul, or was not.. Much to my surprise, it turned out that in the first version of the script was the same son. But in the final version of the director – thanks to some animal instinct – made this point ambivalent, leaving a mystery

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Well, the boy would have a son – would be pathetic story “psiholozhestvom” as they said at the beginning of the XX century. The waste would be turned here psychology history in something from which the director managed to escape, to take his film on a psychological level, ie at the level below. He is no son, then a son – but in a symbolic sense, not in a literal. However, I think so. A director leaves two options to choose from. To decide for themselves who was this boy

«In one terrible day -. In one of the many terrible days – boy was present at how hung up (yes, hanged!) Of another child – as he writes, with sad face of an angel. – And someone behind groaned, “Where is God? Where is he? But where is he now! “And a voice inside me said:” Where is He? Yes, there he is – He was hanged on the gallows that “However, this is not a movie …

Author – Columnist” Gazety.Ru »


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